Bottesford Blue Pantile

Photo:The Rutland Arms - Pantilled with Bottesford Blues

The Rutland Arms - Pantilled with Bottesford Blues

Photograph by David Middleton

Photo:Roofs of Market Street

Roofs of Market Street

Photograph from a private collection

Photo:Red pantiles, slates and Bottesford blues

Red pantiles, slates and Bottesford blues

Photograph from a private collection

A mystery solved?
By David Middleton

Many older buildings in Bottesford have distinctive blue-black pantile roofs.

The Rutland Arms roof is a fine example.

The aerial photographs also show other examples of houses with Bottesford Blue tiles in the area of Market Street and Rectory Lane.

The local historian, Michael Honeybone notes in his "Book of Bottesford" that "a story survives in the village that only one of Challands' tilemakers (a 19th Century brick and tile producer) knew the secret of the glaze necessary to achieve the deep navy blue - and it died with him."

Heritage experts Brooke, Edwards and Tait (1999) also note that such tiles are "unique to this area and was locally produced under the name 'Bottesford Blue' in 1830, the brick and tile yard at nearby Beckinthorpe was producing these glazed tiles with a Joseph Walker named as tilemaker. The formula for this locally produced glaze has now been lost, and was last believed to have been used at the end of the nineteenth century when the tradition, which was probably handed down by word of mouth, died out. Its origins are obscure but it appears to have been in use during the eighteenth century and was certainly being produced in 1798-this is unusual, as the pantile, first produced in Britain in the early eighteenth century, is normally not found glazed until the following century."

Forensic analysis has only recently started to reveal the chemical makeup of the tile glaze and the way it might have been fired when producing these distinctive roof tiles.
There may well have been more than one site of production in Bottesford.

Honeybone (1989) identifies two brickyards in Beckinthorpe in the mid to late 19th Century. One operated by Thomas Hoe who lived in Bridge House, Rutland LaneĀ  and the other run by Joseph Challands.

Local knowledge also locates Challands having a yard at the site of William Roberts' undertakers premises by the ford.

In addition, the area of the current amenity site adjacent to the Normanton Lane level crossing was formerly claypits where raw material for both the production of tiles and the distinctive diamond patterned paving stones may well have been extracted. These claypits were used as the rubbish dump for a number of years up to the 1980's.

Mrs. Jean Round of Allington has provided an excellent collection of photographs showing traditional brickmaking in Bottesford. (Click here to look at these). Mrs. Round's grandfather or great grandfather worked in the brick yard and she believes he was one of the last people to know the secret of the 'Bottesford Blue' tiles.

C. J. Brooke, H. G. M. Edwards and J. K. F. Tait (1999). The Bottesford Blue mystery: a Raman Spectroscopic study of post-mediaeval glazed tiles. J. Raman Spectrosc. 30, 429-434.

M. Honeybone (1989). The book of Bottesford: Continuity and change in a Leicestershire village. Buckingham: Barracuda Books Ltd.

This page was added by David Middleton on 11/01/2007.

Comments about this page

I'm a descendant of Joseph Walker, and it's sad to say that while researching his life, I discovered he died a pauper in Spittlegate Workhouse, Grantham. He came from Chesterfield but I have not been successful in narrowing him down there to know if tile making was a family trade - it wasn't afterwards.

By Russ Walker
On 18/08/2008

Thanks for your comment and follow up on Joseph Walker

By David Middleton
On 18/08/2008

I am interested to find out if anybody has researched the chemistry of the glaze used on these tiles. If not, is it possible to obtain a sherd from one of these tiles for research purposes?

By Bill Jay
On 21/02/2011

Many thanks for your interest. The only scientific study I have found is the spectroscopic study referenced above. I am sure there will be broken blue glazed tiles around the village. I'll make enquiries and get back if I can source some bits.

By David Middleton (Editorial Group)
On 21/02/2011

Comments have been temporarily disabled while we develop the site ahead of a re-launch in a few weeks' time. Thanks for your patience in the meantime!