Fred Darby

Lance Serjeant (17230) 1/5th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment

Remembered on the Bottesford War Memorial, St Mary's Church

Lance Serjeant Fred Darby
Lance Serjeant Fred Darby
Grantham Journal 3/6/1916
Grantham Journal 3/6/1916
Grantham Journal 26/10/1918
Grantham Journal 26/10/1918
Fred Darby Memorial Plaque
Fred Darby Memorial Plaque
Pte. Fred Darby Commemorative Certificate - Bellicourt British Military Cemetery | From the Collection of Mrs. M Beevers
Pte. Fred Darby Commemorative Certificate - Bellicourt British Military Cemetery
From the Collection of Mrs. M Beevers
Pte. Fred Darby's CWGC Headstone, Bellicourt British Cemetery, Aisne, France | BCHG
Pte. Fred Darby's CWGC Headstone, Bellicourt British Cemetery, Aisne, France

Fred Darby was born in Hull in 1894.

Family Background

He was the son of William Darby (b.Grantham) and Elizabeth Millhouse Lilly (b.1864 at Woolsthorpe by Belvoir). The couple married in 1887 in Grantham and by 1891 were living in Sculcoates, Kingston upon Hull. William Darby was working as a fitter.

At the time of William’s death in 1897, the couple had 2 sons, Walter and Fred and were expecting a third child, Sidney, who was born in 1898. Elizabeth Darby returned to the Bottesford area with her family and subsequently married Charles Guy in 1900.

In March 1901 the census records the family as living at 5 Retford Cottages on Chapel Street. Charles Guy was born in Bottesford and worked as an agricultural labourer. All 3 boys are recorded as his sons in 1901.

By 1911 Walter and Fred were listed as ‘boarders’ presumably because they were wage earners and contributing to the family income. Sydney was at school and the children from Elizabeth’s second marriage were  Ada, Harry and Arthur Guy. Fred, by then aged 16, was working as a gardener’s boy at a local nursery and sang in the St Mary’s Church Choir.

Fred and Walter Darby both served in the forces during WW1. Their younger brother Sidney Darby may well also have served, being of eligible age to be conscripted in 1916 or 1917, but his record has not been identified.

War Service

According to the ‘List of Soldiers who Died in the Great War’ Fred Darby enlisted in Melton Mowbray as a Private with the Leicestershire Regiment. His Service Number was 17230. Unfortunately his detailed service records do not survive. However, another Bottesford recruit, Thomas William Skinner also enlisted as a Private with Leicester Regiment in Melton Mowbray and was allocated the previous number 17229, This indicates that they must have enlisted at the same time. Thomas Skinner’s pension records are still available and show that he enlisted on the 6th March 1915, a Saturday. Perhaps Fred and Thomas travelled together the 16 miles to Melton Mowbray.  Or perhaps they met by chance on their day off in Melton. Whatever the circumstances these young recruits were to experience the full rigour of front line action. Thomas and Fred were 17 and 20 years old respectively. However, Thomas gave his age on enlistment as age 19.

We do not exactly when Fred Darby was posted to France. It was 6 months before Thomas Skinner saw overseas service. If Fred had a similar length of training he would have gone to France in the autumn of 1915.

Fred Darby would survive three woundings and achieve promotion to Lance Serjeant in three years of service with the Leicestershires. He was killed on the 24th September, 1918, just 25 years of age, near the Somme during the last 100 days of the war. His death occurred as part of the same action in which his near neighbour Albert Asher lost his life. Thomas Skinner would die age 20, at home in Bottesford, in June 1918, after being invalided out of the Army in January of that year.

Fred Darby’s Medal Index Card lists his service as being with the 1st Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment. However by the time of his death he was serving with the 1/5th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment. His injuries give a clue as to his battalion postings. The Grantham Journal reported that Fred Darby was wounded on May 20th 1916. ‘In a letter to his parents (he) says he was shot in the thigh by a machine-gun bullet as he was leaving the trenches.” Apparently no bones were broken and he was making a satisfactory recovery. According to the War Diaries of the 1/5th Battalion were not in the front line on that date. They were in training at Lucheux, a village in the Department of the Somme about 7 kilometres north-east of Doullens. Although they did not know it, they were preparing for the start of the Battle of the Somme on the 1st of July 1916. However the 1st Battalion, Leicestershires were in the trenches. They were stationed in the Ypres Salient near Poperinghe and were sent to relieve the 2nd Sherwood Foresters in front line trenches in support of the 16th Brigade near Brielen. This section of the trenches had been heavily bombed and working parties were sent out in 2 hour shifts to improve dugouts. On the 29th May 1916 the 1st Battalion suffered 7 casualties wounded. If it is the case that Fred was with the 1st Battalion it is likely that he was one of those casualties. His ‘blighty’ wound would have saved him from deployment to the Somme with the 1st Battalion in August.

On Friday 1st of June 1917 one year later, The Melton Mowbray Times & Vale of Belvoir Gazette reported ‘the following casualty (…) in the official list issued for publication on Saturday afternoon:- WOUNDED. LEICESTERSHIRE REGIMENT. Darby, 17230 Lance-Corpl. (Bottesford). This would indicate that Fred was injured before the Saturday 26th May 1917. Both the 1st and the 1/5th Leicestershires were in action immediately prior to that date near Lens in the area of Vimy Ridge. However it is likely that Fred had been transferred by the 1/5th Battalion. He is mentioned by name in J.D Hills’s book – ‘The Fifth Leicestershire A Record Of The 1/5th Battalion The Leicestershire Regiment’. The 1/5th was again in the Lens area. Hills describes the conditions of their posting (p.223 -224).

‘On the 14th of November, while in Brigade Support at Philosophe, we were ordered to reconnoitre the “Hill 70” sector, with a view to taking over the line from the Sherwood Foresters. The same day we moved to some particularly cold and uncomfortable huts at Mazingarbe, going to the line the next night. Our route lay along the main Lens road past Fosse III. and Fosse VII., then by tracks past Privet Castle to Railway Alley. This endless communication trench led all the way past the famous Loos Crucifix, still standing, to what had been the front line before the Canadian attack. Thence various other alleys led to the front line. Our new sector was by no means luxurious. (…) There was mud and wet chalk everywhere, and a very poor water supply for drinking purposes. What few dug-outs existed were the usual small German front line post’s funk holes, and all faced the wrong way. It was a bad place. (…) We spent all our time working, for there was much to be done. Our chief tasks were clearing out existing trenches and digging new communication trenches where they were wanted. Digging was both difficult, for the ground was sodden, and dangerous on account of the number of “dud” shells and bombs everywhere. (…)  

Padre Buck also had a busy time, for there were many unburied dead still lying about. Hearing of one body some sixty yards out in No Man’s Land, where it had been found by a patrol, the Padre went out with his orderly, Darby, to bury it. It was a misty morning, and they were unmolested until suddenly the mist lifted and they were seen. Darby was wounded in the head, and they were heavily fired on, but this did not worry the Padre, who brought his orderly back to our lines, and came in without a scratch.‘

We do not know if this injury hospitalised Fred Darby. However he is referred to by name once more in J.D. Hills narrative when describing an advance on the village of Pontruet near the Somme during the last hundred days of the war. They advanced on the 24th September at 5.00 am and were surprised by heavy German resistance. Albert Asher his Bottesford neighbour’s death is chronicled as occurring within 15 minutes.

‘The Company’s heaviest losses were on the Southern or upper side of the village. For, in the S.W. corner, the Germans had two lengths of well defended trench, supported by a block house, and against these 2nd. Lieuts. Asher and Quint and Corporal Tyers led their men. The two officers were killed almost together at the second trench, but the Corporal broke clean through, only to be shot through the head when almost outside the village. Seven others of this same gallant party were killed at this corner, and the remainder, unable to deal with the blockhouse, fought their way through to the main part of the Company.’
Fred Darby would survive longer into the day long attack. Hill’s goes on to record the exact circumstances of Fred Darby’s death as he attempted to take a machine gun emplacement that was holding up their advance (p. 287-289).’
‘The rest of “B” Company and the left half Battalion fared badly. Forgan’s trench, supposed to be held by a few odd posts, was strongly manned from end to end. It was wired in front and lateral belts had been placed at frequent intervals across it. It would have been a stiff task for a Company to take it with a direct frontal attack; to “work up” it was impossible. None the less, “D” Company (Brooke) did their utmost. Led by their Company Commander in person, the Company left the trench at Zero and started to work along it. There was wire everywhere, and the going was very bad on top, so that many men of the rear platoons dropped back into the trench and made their way along it—a fatal mistake. On nearing the Bellenglise road this Company was met with a perfect hurricane of machine gun bullets from three guns in a nest near the road. Captain Brooke was hit but continued to lead his men, and, ably backed by Serjt. Darby, made a gallant attempt to rush the position. The men still in the trench could give no assistance, and though two prisoners were taken the rush failed, and the German machine guns remained unharmed. Captain Brooke was twice hit again and with 2nd Lieuts. Sloper and Buckley, who were both wounded, had to leave the fight. Serjt. Darby and L/Cpl. Smith had been killed close to the enemy’s guns, Serjeant Sullivan was wounded, and for the moment the Company was leaderless. Lieut. Corah came up to take command, but by the time he reached the head of the Company it was too late to act, and Forgan’s trench remained full of the enemy.’
J.D. Hills concludes his narrative in the following way:

‘The following day we received this message from General Boyd:—
“Please congratulate Lieut.-Colonel Griffiths and the 1/5th Bn. Leicestershire Regiment on the good fight they put up yesterday, and tell them I am quite satisfied. They captured many prisoners and accounted for numbers of the enemy. Owing to unexpected reinforcements they attacked an enemy twice as strong as themselves, and moreover in a strong position. Although we did not reach our objective, the enemy was prevented from reinforcing the troops opposed to the Division on our right.”
(sd.) G.F. BOYD, Major-General.

We had lost one Company Commander and three subalterns killed, one Company Commander and six subalterns wounded. Of the rank and file, thirty were killed, of whom three were Serjeants, one hundred were wounded, and eight were missing. But we had proved that five platoons could clear a village held by three Battalions (so said one of the prisoners) of the enemy.’
Fred Darby had survived over three years of front line action and three injuries, He had also achieved promotion by the time of his death on 24 September 1918, to the rank of Lance Sergeant. He had clearly made his make in the Battalion to have figured twice J.D. Hills’s  regimental history.

Many of the those killed in the Pontruet action were originally buried in an extension to the Pontruet Communal Cemetery. They were moved to different cemeteries after the war. Fred Darby’s and Albert Asher’s graves were separated in those moves. Fred Darby was finally laid to rest in 1920 at Bellicourt British Cemetery, Aisne, France.

He was remembered by his family at home. In addition to receiving his medals and memorial plaque a commemorative certificate was acquired early in the 1930’s. It lists the battles fought on the Western Front and is over printed with the Bellicourt British Military Cemetery. It also shows an image of the completed Thiepval Memorial which was completed in 1932. Perhaps it was acquired on one of the many ‘pilgrimages’ families made to France as the war grave cemeteries and memorials were completed in the inter war years.

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